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Dextromethorphan (DXM) is a medication that is commonly used as a cough suppressant. It belongs to the class of drugs known as antitussives. DXM works by reducing the urge to cough by acting on the cough centre in the brain.

In addition to its cough-suppressing properties, dextromethorphan can also have other effects when taken at higher doses. It can act as a dissociative hallucinogenic substance and produce psychoactive effects. For this reason, DXM is sometimes misused or abused recreationally for its mind-altering effects.

DXM is available in various over-the-counter cough and cold medications in different formulations, such as syrups, lozenges, and capsules. These products may contain DXM as the sole active ingredient or in combination with other medications, such as decongestants or antihistamines. It is important to carefully read and follow the instructions and dosing guidelines provided on the product packaging or as directed by a healthcare professional.

When used as directed for its intended purpose as a cough suppressant, DXM is generally safe. However, taking excessive amounts of DXM or using it for recreational purposes can be dangerous and have serious health consequences. High doses of DXM can cause a range of effects, including hallucinations, confusion, impaired coordination, increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, respiratory depression, and even overdose.

Misuse or abuse of DXM can also lead to a condition known as “robotripping,” which refers to the recreational use of high doses of DXM-containing products. This practice is associated with significant risks and should be avoided.

It is important to use dextromethorphan responsibly and only as directed. If you have any questions or concerns about using DXM or its interactions with other medications, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or pharmacist for guidance.

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